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Name: Mr.Aruna K. Gamage
Designation: Lecturer (Probationary)
Department: Department of Pali and Buddhist Studies
University Location: (Room Number) K2 125/1
Telephone Number: (Office) +94 112 903738

(Mobile) +94 783814487
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Educational Qualifications:
M.Phil. [(Merit) in Pali: Commentarial Studies], Kelaniya, 2009.
M.A. in Buddhist Studies, Kelaniya 2007.
B.A. in Pali, First Class (Hons.), University of Kelaniya 2005.
Academic Experience:
Lecturer (prob.): Department of Pāli & Buddhist Studies, University of Kelaniya, 2012 to date.
Lecturer: MA (by research) in Buddhist Studies Program, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 2013 to the present.
Researcher: Dhammachai Tipitaka Project, Thailand, 2010-2012.
Guest Lecturer: Graduate School of Buddhist Studies, the Buddhist Library, Singapore, 2011.
Administrations:
Student Counselor: Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 2013 to the present.
Academic Guide: Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 2013 to the present
Coordinator: MA (two-year) Program in Buddhist Studies ,Department of Pāli & Buddhist Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka 2013 to the present.
Conference Secretary: 5th International Buddhist Conference, Sri Lanka Association of Buddhist Studies (SLABS), Sri Lanka 2013.
Academic Sub-warden:  Mendes Boys’ Hostel, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2005.
Chairs & Moderator-Ships:
Chair, 3rd Academic Session,  2nd International Buddhist Conference, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Sri Lanka, 2014

Co-chair, International Seminar, A Two-day International Seminar on Understanding, Dr Ambedkar's Concept of Dhamma, A Central University, Lucknow, India, 2014

Chair, 8th Academic Session, National Conference of Pali and Indian Culture, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 2014

Chair, First Pali Session, 1st International Buddhist Conference, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Sri Lanka, 2013

Moderator, Third Academic Session, The 2rd International Meditation, International Buddhist Meditation Center, Mahachulalongkornraja vidyalaya University, Thailand, 2013

Moderator, First Academic Session, The 2nd International Buddhist Research Seminar, Buddhist Research Institute, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Thailand, 2010

Awards:

Buddhist Literary Award: 2014, Dharmvāda Parīkṣā (An Inquiry of  Doctrinal Controversies): The Best Academic Research, All Buddhist Congress in Sri Lanka

State Literary Award: 2014, Dharmvāda Parīkṣā (An Inquiry of  Doctrinal Controversies): The Best Academic Research, State Literary Board, Sri Lanka

Vice-Chancellor's Award: 2013, Outstanding Young Researcher, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lank

State Literary Award: 2013, Suhṛllekha: The Best Annotated Sinhalese Translation, State Literary Board, Sri Lanka

Buddhist Literary Award: 2013, Mahānāgakula-Sandesaya: The Best Annotated Sinhalese Translation, and Suhṛllekha: The Best Annotated Sinhalese Translation, All Buddhist Congress in Sri Lanka

Prof. N.A. Jayawickrama Gold Medal: 2005, (Summa Cum Laude), Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka
First place & Prize: 2004, the Island-wide-competition of composing Pāli Verses, Oriental Studies Society, Sri Lanka
Karunaratna Memorial Prize: 2000, for the highest marks for Pāli of Oriental Preliminary Examination, Oriental Studies Society, Sri Lanka
Piyaratana Memorial Prize: 2000, for the highest marks for Sanskrit of Oriental Preliminary Examination, Oriental Studies Society, Sri Lanka
Research Interests:

Indology

Special Field:
Pāli (commentarial exegeses)
International/ National Seminar Presentations:
Theravada Buddhism and Global Context: A Pragmatic Study of kāmesu[micchācāra] Mainly Based on the Pali Canon, 15th Annual Research Symposium, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2014
Ornament of Substantiation (arthāntaranyāsa) in Oriental Poetry: A critical survey, 15th Annual Research Symposium, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2014
Words Community in the Canon: A Comparative Study of Word-formation Modes in Pali and English, 2nd International Buddhist Conference on International Exchange of Buddhism in the Global Context, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2014
Parihāyati Anāgāmī Anāgāmitā? Āhaccapada-Ācariyavādānaṃ Tulanā, 2nd International Buddhist Conference on International Exchange of Buddhism in the Global Context, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2014
Sounds against Arbitrariness: National Conference, Asian Community and Co-existence in Multi-Ethnic and Multi-Cultural Contexts,   One-Asia Seminar Series, Department of Sinhala, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2014
Prolific Communicator of Buddhism: A Study of Dr Ambedkar's Dhamma Expositions with Special Reference to the Pali Canon, International Seminar, B. B. Ambedkar University, Lucknow, India, 2014
Literal Meaning and Contextual Meaning: An Examination of Pali Commentarial Interpretations, National Conference of Pali and Indian Culture, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, 2014
Pre-Buddhist Truth-seekers in Orissa: An Inquiry Mainly Based on the Pali Canon, 2nd International Conference on Buddhist Heritage, Orissa, India, 2014
Yesterday means Tomorrow: A Study on the Pragmatics in Theravada Exegeses, National Conference On General Linguistics, Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2013
Preservation & Contamination: A Critical Examination on Ariyadhamma-sutta of Aṅguttaranikāya IV 145, 14th Annual Research Symposium, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2013
mantā: Gerund or Instrumental? A Critical Survey of Theravada Commentarial Exegeses, 4th Annual Research Symposium, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2013
Inter-commentarial Discrepancies & Theravada Confraternity: A Critical Scrutiny on assāsa&passāsa Exegesis in Pali Commentaries, 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2013
Topsy-turvy Exegeses & Theravada Confraternity: A Critical Examination of DA's Interpretation on appa-rajakkha, 2nd International Conference on Social Sciences, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2013
Kopa and Kodha in the Pali Canon: A Semantic Study, 5th International Conference, Sri Lanka Association for Buddhist Studies, Sri Sambuddhatva Mandira, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2013
Bojjhaṅgabhāvanāya Adhippāyo: Bojjhaṅgasaṃyuttassa Parivīmaṃsanā, 5th International Conference, Sri Lanka Association for Buddhist Studies, Sri Sambuddhatva Mandira, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2013
Idiosyncratic Wordings in the Mahavaggapāḷi: A Critical & Historical Scrutiny, International Conference on Asian Art, Culture and Heritage, International Association for Asian Heritage, the Centre for Asian Studies, University of Kelaniya, 2013
Topsy-turvy & Theravada Confraternity II: A Critical Scrutiny on kicca & karaniya in Pali Commentaries, 1st International Buddhist Conference, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2013
Kim Kāyabhāvanāti Vipassanā? āhaccapadānaṃ tulanā, 1st International Buddhist Conference, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2013

Animal-cries and Meditation, The 2rd International Meditation, International Buddhist Meditation Center, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Ayutthaya, Thailand, 2013.

Indirect Mode of Expressions in the Tipitaka: A probe into the Pali Canon & Its Exegeses, 6th Annual Research Conference, Colombo 07, Sri Lanka, 2013
Is (paññā-jīviṃ) 'jīvitaṃ' an Early Misspelling? A Critical Amendment for a Term in the 182nd Verse of the Suttanipāta, 6th Annual Research Conference, Colombo 07, Sri Lanka, 2013
Can Infanticide Be Committed by the Mind? An Investigation of the Kulumba Sutta Excerpt in the Dhammasaṅgaṇī Aṭṭhakathā, 8th Annual Conference on Buddhist Studies, University of Sri Jayevardenepure, Sri Lanka, 2013
Is the Animal-cry Supportive to attain Nibbana? an appraisal mainly based on the Pali Canon, 13th Annual Research Symposium, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2012.
Patta-kkhandha: a semantic Study on a Contentious Term in the Early Buddhism, 13th Annual Research Symposium, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2012.
Ariyasāvaka and Puthujjana: a critical scrutiny, International Conference on Dharma-Dhamma, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, 2012.
Position of Puthujjana in the Pali Canon: a doctrinal scrutiny, Ananda Coomaraswamy Memorial Conference, University of Kelaniya, 2012.
Is Non-returnership Momentary? a critical assessment of Uṇṇābha-sutta & Its Commentary, Ananda Coomaraswamy Memorial Conference, University of Kelaniya, 2012.
Arahattañca Nibbāa nāna ud’ekam’eva ta?, First National Conference, Buddhist and Pāli University of Sri Lanka, Homagama (in Pāli), 2012.
Improvisation & Theravada Confraternity: A Study of the Moot quotations in the Pāli commentaries, 1st National Conference, Buddhist and Pāli University of Sri Lanka, Homagama, 2012.
Can ariyasāvaka be used for an ordinary person: a critical examination mainly based on Itivuttaka pp. 75-6, 1st DHAMMA Conference for Peace and Unity, The Mahabodhi Society of Sri Lanka, 2012.
Tautologies in Dīghanikāya, 5th Annual Research Conference, Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka, 2012.
Buddhist Approach to Fear, A Workshop on Educare, Sentul Buddhist Temple, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2011.
Workshop on the Pilot Edition of Tipitaka, Pathum Thani, Thailand, 2011.
Research Methodology of Pāli Text Editing, A work Shop on Research Methodology, Graduate School of Buddhist Studies, International Buddhist College, Korat, Thailand, 2011.
The Efficacy of paritta-Chanting, the 1st Pāli Chanting Seminar, Seck Kia Eenh, Malacca Buddhist Association, Malacca, Malaysia, 2011.
The Significance of Accurate Pronunciation in paritta-Chanting, the 1st Pāli Chanting Seminar, Seck Kia Eenh, Malacca Buddhist Association, Malakka, Malaysia, 2011.
The Way of Theravada Fraternity [in Pali Medium] The 3rd International Buddhist Research Seminar, Buddhist Research Institute, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Ayutthaya, Thailand, 2011.
Role of the Redactors in the Dīghanikāya, 4th International Conference, Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy, Kandy, Sri Lanka, 2010.
Controversial Points in the Commentary of Sayuttanikāya [in Pali Medium] The 2nd International Buddhist Research Seminar, Buddhist Research Institute, Mahachulalongkornrajavidyalaya University, Ayutthaya, Thailand, 2010.
• The Influence of Sinhalese in pali Commentaries,The Royal Asiatic Society of Sri Lanka, 3rd Reasearch Conference, Mahaweli Centre Auditorium, Sri Lanka, 2009.
Expansion of Literal Meaning of the Canon in Commentaries, 3rd International Conference, Sri Lanka Association for Buddhist Studies, Buddhasrāvaka Bikṣhu University, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, 2008.
• A Probe on the concept of pragmatic communication of the Buddha (co), International Conference on Social Science (ICSSL), University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2008
  Rectification Points of the in Pāli Canon in Atthakathas, 3rd National Buddhist Conference, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 2007
Pāli Tipiaka and Swear Words, 2nd International Conference, Sri Lanka Association for Buddhist Studies, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, 2007.
An Observation of the Word of Paṇḍita 7th Annual Research Symposium, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2006.
Publications:
Sindhuppabhā, The Glory of River A Pāli Poem, Piyasiri Printers, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka [ISBN 978-955-51202-0-3], 66 pages [In Pāli], 2009.
Upamatthasūcanī, The Clarifier of the Similes’ Meaning part I, A-M; A Lexicon for the Similes in First four Nikāya-commentaries with Sinhalese Translations and Annotations, Cibregate Printers, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka [ISBN 978-955-51502-1-7], 242 pages [In Sinhala], 2009.
Research Methodology in Pāli Commentaries, Cibregate Printers, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka [ISBN 978-955-51502-2-4], 370 pages [In Sinhala], 2010.
Mahanagakula-Sandesaya an Annotated Translation, Colombo [ISBN 978-955-51502-4-8], 112 Pages (in Sinhala), 2012.
Suhllekha an Annotated Translation, Colombo [ISBN 978-955-51502-4-8], 124 Pages (in Sinhala), 2012.
Dharmavāda-parīkā (an Inquiry of Doctrinal Controversies), Colombo [ISBN: 978-955-30-3656-8], (in Sinhala), 2013.
Gamage AK, (2014) Animal-cries and Buddhist meditation: an appraisal mainly based on the early Buddhist teachings and their exegeses. Journal of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia.1:114-124
Gamage AK, (2014) Words community in the canon: a comparative study of word-formation modes in Pali and English.conference volume of Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy. Sri Lanka.120-139
Gamage AK, (2014) Some canons of Pali text editing. Sarada.Journal of Pali& Buddhist Studies.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 9:161-179
Gamage AK, (2013) Kulumba-sutta: excluded or forgotten? an inquiry of non-Pali canonical excerpt in DhsA. Journal of Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. 3:73-81
Gamage AK, (2013) Old Prakrit characteristics in TipitakaPali: a brief survey.Journal of Faculty of Humanities.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lnaka.18: 97-126
Gamage AK, (2012) Tautology & the commentary: a study of the four tautologies in Dighanikaya and the corresponding commentarial exegeses.Journal of Faculty of Humanities.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka.17: 89-107
Gamage AK, (2012) Some facets of the Theravada oral tradition. International Journal of Buddhist Studies.Sri Lanka International Buddhist Academy. Sri Lanka. 2:134-150
Gamage AK, (2009) Some observations on the exegetical elaborations of the Pali canon in the Atthakatha-s. Buddhist and Pali Studies in Honor of Prof. K. Anuruddha.Centre of Buddhist Studies.University of Hong Kong.Hong Kong.  603-616
Gamage AK, (2009) An analytical study of Theravada research methodology in Sri Lanka with reference to the Pali commentaries. In Sinhala.Unpublished M.Phil Thesis.Faculty of Graduate Studies. University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.
Gamage AK, (2007) Buddhism: it's interaction with other religions. Sadhana.Journal of Department of Sanskrit.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka.10:138-145
Gamage AK, (2014)  Sounds against Arbitrariness. A Special Volume of One-Asia Seminar Series.Asian Community and Co-existence in Multi-Ethnic and Multi-Cultural Contexts.Department of Sinhala.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka
Gamage AK, (2014)  Non-Buddhist Enlightened Ones in India: An Inquiry Mainly Based on the Pali Canon. Sudhākara.A Felicitation Volume of Venerable PamankadaIndajotiThero.Piliyandala. Sri Lanka.
Gamage AK, (2014) Modes of Repetition Omissions in Pali commentaries.Saṅkāsanā.An Academic Review of Buddhist Association.University of Sri Jayevardenepure. Sri Lanka.
Gamage AK, (2013)Śravyānumodanā: A musical Enrapturement of Pali Songs. Special Volume of One-Asia  Seminar Series. Department of Sinhala.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 155-167
Gamage AK, (2012)An Inquiry of Keci in Dīghanikāya Sub-commentary. Medhā.Essays in Honor of DikwelleMedhālaṅkāraNāyakaThera.Dehiwala. Sri Lanka. 317-339
Gamage AK, (2012)Ariyasāvaka&Puthujjana: Journal of VidyālaṅkāraPirivena.Kelaniya. 179-199
Gamage AK, (2012)PāliParitta Chanting: A Brief Analysis.Journal of Bhikṣu Association University of Sri Jayawardenepura. 323-342
Gamage AK, (2012) A Critical Survey of Saṃyuttanikāya Commentary.Cira-Prabhā.Essays in Honor of MaduluwaveSobhitaNayakaThero. Colombo. 440-456
Gamage AK, (2012) Critical Emendation:  Essays in Honor of DrHiripitiyePaññākittiNayakaThero. Colombo. 499-507
Gamage AK, (2011)  Significance of the Buddhism. A Glance. Monograph on RideeVihāra. Department of Fine Arts.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 15-22
Gamage AK, (2011)  The Role of the Redactors in the Diganikaya: Essays in Honour of Prof Chandra WickramaGamage. Candraprabha.  248-268
Gamage AK, (2011)Vivaraṇa-Vivṛti.the preface for Vivaraṇa. Collected Essays of Venerable KoswatteAriyavimalaThera.Māgadhī Institute. Puwakpitiya. Sri Lanka. iii-xii
Gamage AK, (2009) Sinhalese Influence in Pali Commentaries. Journal of Humanities. University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka. 82-102
Gamage AK, (2009)Vivṛti, the preface for CittavegaPālanaya by venPahalagamaDhammikaThera.Nugegoda. Sri Lanka. iii-viii
Gamage AK, (2009)  Common Words & Uncommon Meanings: A Commentarial Study. Sāradā, Academic Review. Dept. of Pāli& Buddhist Studies.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 136-149
Gamage AK, (2009)  Commentators& Exegetical Methods. Magadhi.Academic Review.Dept. of Pāli& Buddhist Studies.University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Sri Lanka. 279-300
Gamage AK, (2009)Distinctive Poems of Chinese Dharmapada (A Translation from the Second Chapter of Doctoral Dissertation of Prof. KL DhammajotiThera.Carana.Academic Review.The Bikshu Council.University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Sri Lanka. 210-228
Gamage AK, (2008)A Study of Paramatthajotikā II.Journal of Humanities.University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka. 132-163
Gamage AK, (2008)An Inquiry of the term Medhāvī. Dharmāñjalī.Essays in Honor of ThalavinneDhammarakkhitaNāyakaThera.Maharagama. Sri Lanka, 2008 (in Sinhala):477-487
Gamage AK, (2008)Etymological Strategies of VenBuddhaghosa and VenDhammapāla. VimaladharmaPrabodhinī.Essays in Honor of Turuwila Sri VimaladharmaThera.Kadawatha. Sri Lanka. 167-186
Gamage AK, (2008)A Scrutiny of the term Paṇḍita.Journal of Buddhist &Pali University. Sri Lanka. 404-416
Gamage AK, (2008)The Utility of Buddhist Etymology. Academic Journal of Faculty of Humanities.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 102-112
Gamage AK, (2007)PāliAṭṭhakathāvalaPenenaNiruktivalaSvabhāvaya (the Nature of Etymologies Reflected in Pali Commentaries).Buddhist Studies.In honor of KirindigalleDhammaratanaNāyakaThera.Dehiwala. Sri Lanka. 215-233
Gamage AK, (2007)Realistic Buddhist Communication.Sāradā.Academic Review.Dept. of Pāli& Buddhist Studies.University of Kelaniya.199-232
Gamage AK, (2007) The Swear Words in Pāli Literature.Journal of the Post Graduate Institute of Pāli and Buddhist Studies.University of Kelaniya.55-78
Gamage AK, (2006)An Observation of the Term Āyasmā.Sarada.Academic Review.Dept. of Pāli& Buddhist Studies.University of Kelaniya.298-310
Gamage AK, (2004) The Dignity of Pāli Language. Felicitation Volume of Ven. AlubomulleSaddhananda.Panadura. Sri Lanka. 391-404
Gamage AK, (2003)An Observation of Pāli Literature. related to Post-Canonical & Pre-Commentarial Period. A Felicitation Volume of Ven. MaditiyawelaMedhankara.Published by the Department of Buddhist Affairs. Colombo. Sri Lanka. 90-104
Gamage AK, (2003) The Buddhist Concept of Characteristics of Vigilant Person (Bhaddeka-ratta) Sāradā. Academic Review.Dept. of Pāli& Buddhist: Studies.University of Kelaniya. Sri Lanka. 293-311
In Pali Verses (gāthā)
Gamage AK, (2012)Dīgham'āyuSupāletuVatthuttayaVāhasā.Pāli verses with Commentary. Abhayaprasādinī.Essays in Honor of Professor Oliver Abeynayake.Godage Publishers. Colombo. xxix-xli
Gamage AK, (2011)Pāli-Verses to felicitate Venerable SawaiChotiko. Pavattyārocanā.MahachulalangkornRājavidyalaya University. Thailand. 207-207
Gamage AK, (2011)Pāli-Verses with a brief commentary to felicitate Ven. DrPategamaJñānārāmaThero.A Felicitation Volume. Singapore.vi-vii
Gamage AK, (2009)BhātuVijjodayoSadā.Pali Verses to Felicitate Sri Jayavardenepura University.Caraṇa.Bhikshu Association.Gangodawila.Nugegoda.Sri Lanka.2:142-147
Gamage AK, (2009)BhatyāsarāmaSiri-sorata-thera-vāraṃ, Pali verses to felicitate VelivitiyeSorataNāyakathera.SorataNāhimiSirita.a monograph.Nugegoda. Sri Lanka. 02-04
Gamage AK, (2009)RājateMāgadhīDīghaṃ.Pali verses to Felicitate Māgadhī Journal.Department of Sri Jayeverdenepure.University of Sri Jayeverdenepure. Sri Lanka. xviii-xviii
Gamage AK, (2008)Pāli Verses with Commentary to felicitate chief incumbent Weligama.GnanaratanaThero.Gnānāñjalī. Colombo. Sri Lanka.xix-xxvi
Gamage AK, (2008)Pāli Verses with Commentary to felicitate chief incumbent KumburugamuweVajiraThero.Vajirābhivandana.Colombo. Sri Lanka. 19-24
Gamage AK, (2007)NāthatrajoJayatuPemasirīSamākhyo.Pali verses to felicitate NāwalaPemasiriNāyakathera. A Felicitation Volume.Koswatta. Sri Lanka. 16-17
Gamage AK, (2007)SotthyatthuSatthu-tanujāya.Pali verses to felicitate AmbaliyaddeSomānandaNāyakathera. Saumyaraśmi.A Felicitation Volume.Rikillagaskada. Sri Lanka. 10-10
Gamage AK, (2006)NamathaVimalatissaṃYatīsaṃ.Pali verses to felicitate WerellāneWimalatissaNāyakathera.Vimalaprabhā.a Felicitation Volume.Nawala. Sri Lanka. 86-86
Gamage AK, (2006)Pāli-Verses to felicitate Ven. Devasumana, Dharmaprabha.A Felicitation Volume of Ven.DediyavalaDevasumana.Kalutara. Sri Lanka. i-i
Gamage AK, (2006)Back-word to Tsunami Disaster (Pāli-Verse).Academic Review.Buddhist &Pāli University. Sri Lanka. 279-282
Gamage AK, (2006)Pāli-Verses to felicitate Ven. Siddhattha.Sath.A Felicitation Volume.Piliyandala. Sri Lanka. 15-17


 

Pali Language

 

The following fields can be studied under the subject Pali.

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Buddhist Philosophy

Under title Buddhist philosophy the under mentioned topics,

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Buddhist Culture

 

The following headings are covered in Buddhist culture.

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